We now deal with the last group of – let's say- “useful” Persian letters. After these six letters, you will have learnt 26 letters of the 32-letter Persian alphabet. The remaining 6 are used rather rarely and we will get to them at the end of this tutorial.
The pronunciation of these letters should not be a challenge for an English speaker, since all these consonants exist in English as well. Try to read the below examples to get familiar with these new letters.
clutch (in a vehicle)
Apart from the letter “ع” which sounds like a glottal stop, using hamza is another method for showing glottal stops in the middle and at the end of words.
As a beginner, you don’t need to worry about choosing which form of hamza to use in different words. All you need to know is that they all sound like a glottal stop. The first form of hamza is not joined to its surrounding letters and is used very rarely.